Christian Church

Armenia in the 20 entury

During the years of World War 1(1914-1918) about 2 million Armenians were massacred in Western Armenia and the survivors were deported from their native land.

The surviving Armenians took refuge in Eastern Armenia, the Transcaucasus, Europe, Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq and in North and South America.

In 1920 the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic was formed having an area of 29.8 thousand square kilometres and at present a population of 2554000.

Erivan is the capital of the republic with a population of 800 000. It is one of the most ancient cities in the world which has been founded as a town in 782 B.C. but much archeological evidence has been gathered indicating that the present territory of Erivan was inhabited as far backas 6000 years B.C.

The State University of Erivan was founded in 1921, and the Academy of Sciences of the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic in 1943.

The Matenadaran (Repository for ancient manuscripts) of the Research Institute of Ancient Armenian Manuscripts named after St. Mesrop Mashtots was built in 1958. It preserves over 1050 Armenian manuscripts, about 1000 manuscripts In foreign languages and over 00 fragments and covers of older manuscripts. The oldest Armenian manuscript is the Lazarian Gospel, dated 887. Fragments of manuscripts fron the V VI centuries have been preserved as well.

During the Soviet period the Byurakan Observatory, the Institute of Physics on Aragats, the Institutes of Electronic Computers and Fine Organic Chemistry, the State Conservatoire, the State Philharmonic Society, the State Academic Opera and Ballet Theatre, the Drama Theatre, the Young Spectators' Theatre and the Theatre of Musical Comedy were founded.

At Soviet time Armenia was being reconstructed on a part of historical Armenia. With Soviet specialists and engineers were developed agriculture, industry and town construction.

In 1991, the Soviet Union broke apart and Armenia re-established its independence.

About 4000 historical monuments are preserved in Armenia, dating back to different periods from the origin of human society up to the late Middle Ages.

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